One of the few cities which has created a high performance and sustainable mobility system is Hongkong. The highest-scoring city in Arthur D. Little’s Urban Mobility Index, it has a well-balanced modal split, which is seamlessly integrated to ensure convenient journeys and reduce the incentive for citizens to travel by private car.
The share of sustainable forms of mobility such as public transport and walking and cycling makes up no less than 92 per cent of the modal split. Other stand-out statistics are the low level of vehicle registration per citizen and transport-related deaths and CO2 emissions. Coupled with this are relatively high average travel speeds and consequently low travel-to-work times.
Smart card penetration runs at 2.9 cards per citizen, which means that Hongkong’s multimodal mobility card enjoys the highest penetration of any product of its kind in the world. The Octopus contactless smartcard – which is carried by 95 per cent of the population – can be used throughout the public transport system on everything from the subway and buses to trams and ferries, as well as high-speed and long-distance trains. It an also be used to pay for purchases at many of Hongkong’s public institutions such as school and hospitals as well as at selected retail outlets.
Thanks to this ease of use and the existence of such a comprehensive and highly integrated mobility system, half of travellers used public transport. The fact that a further 40 per cent get about either on foot or by bike means that the rate of registered cars per citizen is very low and just 10 per cent of journeys are taken by individual motorised transport. As a result, Hongkong has an exemplary level of transport-related CO2 emissions per capita, low mean travel times to work and a low rate of transport-related fatalities.
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