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Toward Effective Supplier Management: International

The purchasing function is acquiring high priority in the eyes of senior management for a number of reasons. First, increasingly global strategies for marketing and manufacturing require equally global approaches to sourcing. The skills and knowledge required for effective worldwide sourcing are...

Planning for Chaos: A Scenario Approach to the Oil Market

No one can forecast oil prices. Yet a sharp change in oil prices can radically alter business conditions for a very large number of companies. In the early 1980s, automobile companies, iron and steel companies, airlines, marine transportation companies, and ultimately financial institutions all...

Redefining the Corporation

In recent years, a great many corporations have been reshaping - or at least attempting to reshape - themselves, with varying degrees of success. In North America, at least, the 1980s could easily end up being called the Decade of Downsizing. Reasons for this trend include deregulation, volatile...

The New Production-Sharing Networks

Production sharing is a strategy for conducting industrial operations in which certain procurement and manufacturing processes are restructured and shared, with firms in a developed country furnishing capital and technology-intensive components, while firms in a developing country furnish labor-...

Strategic Alliances in High-Tech Industries

As the next century approaches, significant trends now emerging in global economics and technology will have major implications for corporate international strategies. While Europe and North America are forming stronger regional trading blocs, Western firms are also pursuing increasingly attractive...

Collaborating With Potential Competitors: The Profits and

Many Western managers are becoming wary of joint ventures. They have learned through costly experience that such alliances - particularly with Asian partners - can become a low-cost route through which new competitors acquire technology and market access. However, with the costs of product and...

How the Japanese Manage Risk

Americans hear so much about Japan as the success story of the international economy, they sometimes forget that the Japanese have economic problems of their own. Japan has its declining industries such as steel and its low-wage competitors such as South Korea and Taiwan. And in an era of fast-...

Viewpoint Beyond Tiananmen: Is There a Future for Foreign

The recent events in China's Tiananmen Square sent a deep shudder through the boardrooms of many firms in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. While most foreign companies doing business in the People's Republic of China (PRC) have felt somewhat uneasy about making significant commitments...

Political and Economic Forces Shaping the Business World

Historians and social scientists do better looking backward than looking forward. Economists, for example, have predicted seven of the last two recessions. Once something has happened, however, we can usually explain why it was inevitable.

Industry/Government Partnering: Toward a New Industrial

Confronted with an increasingly competitive business environment at both national and international levels, corporations of all sizes are finding collaboration, teaming, and partnering more and more important, both tactically and strategically. Corporations increasingly recognize that the larger-...